Is the provincial capital “dominated by one family”?Of the 27 provincial capitals released, the GDP of these two provinces exceeded 50% for the first time

2022-06-25 0 By

The year 2021 has come to an end, with 31 provinces and cities releasing their own results after the National Bureau of Statistics released the country’s economic results.In addition, the provinces of the city, county level, also gradually basked in the report card.The 2021 economic data of 26 provincial capitals (capital cities of autonomous regions), except Lhasa of Xizang Province, have been released, showing basically stable performance, but some provincial capitals have reversed their gains.A total of 11 provincial capitals exceeded 1 trillion yuan in GDP in 2021, the same as in 2020. Except for Xi ‘an, Jinan, Hefei and Fuzhou, the three provincial capitals all rose one step to 1.1 trillion yuan.Guangzhou’s GDP reached 2.82 trillion yuan, continuing to live alone, 828.3 billion yuan more than chengdu, the second largest city, widening the gap again.As one of the four first-tier cities, Guangzhou was nearly overtaken by Chongqing in 2020.By 2021, Guangzhou not only retained its fourth place, but also pulled away from Chongqing.It is understood that in 2021, guangzhou will accelerate the pace of industrial upgrading, forming six advanced manufacturing clusters with an output value of over 100 billion yuan and six service industries with an added value of over 100 billion yuan, driving the rapid economic development.In addition, Guangzhou also ushered in a lot of good development.Chengdu, Hangzhou, Wuhan and Nanjing remained in the second tier, with GDP between 1.6 trillion yuan and 1.99 trillion yuan.It is a pity that Chengdu only missed 8.3 billion to reach the 2 trillion mark.However, in the provincial capital continues to occupy the second, worthy of being the first in the new first-tier cities.At this rate of development, both Chengdu and Hangzhou have a chance to join the “2 trillion yuan club” in 2022.Wuhan continued to hold its position as the top city in central China, surpassing changsha by 444.6 billion yuan, widening the gap again.The GDP of the third tier is between 1 trillion and 1.5 trillion yuan. In 2020, Zhengzhou will overtake Changsha with only a gap of more than 14 billion yuan, which is very likely to overtake.But in 2021, the gap widened to 58 billion yuan, with Changsha retaining its position as the second city in central China.Among the four provincial capitals joining the trillion yuan club in 2020, Only Xi ‘an has the slowest growth.Of course, There are reasons for Xi ‘an, mainly the impact of the epidemic.In addition to the 11 trillion cities above, the next trillion provincial capital cities may still have several years to wait, because the highest city, Shenyang, is only 725 billion yuan, which is a bit far from 1 trillion yuan.In 2021, Shenyang performed well, surpassing Kunming and Changchun in succession and rising two places in the ranking.Nanchang overtook Shijiazhuang, widening the gap by 16 billion yuan, and Shijiazhuang surpassed Nanchang by nearly 20 billion yuan in 2020.Shijiazhuang’s GDP growth will be only 6.6% in 2021, while Nanchang’s will be 8.7%.Taiyuan also deserves praise, with its GDP reaching 512.2 billion yuan in 2021, surpassing Nanning and Guiyang in succession and climbing two places in the rankings.Among the 27 provincial capitals, Wuhan topped the list with 12.2 percent growth, followed by Hefei and Taiyuan with 9.2 percent.”City primacy” is a concept proposed by American scholar Mark Jefferson in 1939. It refers to the ratio of the population size of the first city to the second city in a country (or region).In China, the first degree of provincial capital refers to the proportion of provincial GDP in the province.In 2021, changchun and Yinchuan ranked first with more than 50% of capital cities, and Xining, Chengdu, Harbin, Xi ‘an, Wuhan, Lhasa, Haikou and Lanzhou ranked third to tenth with more than 30% of capital cities.The distribution of these provincial capitals is all from central and western provinces, indicating that these regions are more economically concentrated.For example, yinchuan, Xining, Lhasa and other cities in the west, due to the topography of the province, all kinds of resources and population are generally concentrated in the provincial capital, so it is understandable that the first place is high.Xi ‘an, Chengdu and Wuhan are truly “strong provincial capitals” with no comparable cities within the province.In 2021, Chengdu’s GDP is nearly 6 times that of Mianyang, the second largest city in The province; Wuhan’s GDP is 3.3 times that of Xiangyang, the second largest city in the province; And Xi ‘an’s GDP is nearly twice that of Yulin, the second largest city in the province.On the contrary, jinan and Nanjing ranked second in GDP, with less than 15% of GDP.In addition, The GDP of Guangzhou is not as good as that of Shenzhen in guangdong province, with 22.67%.With the increasing competition among provinces, if a province has no big city, it will surely lose its competitiveness in the future.Therefore, many provinces began to put forward the strategy of “strengthening provincial capitals” to make them bigger and stronger.On the one hand, we should expand the area of provincial capitals, and on the other hand, we should give priority to the development of provincial capitals with policy support and resource tilt.It is understood that jiangsu, Shandong, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hebei, Hunan and other provinces have put forward the strategy of “strengthening provincial capitals”.In 2011, Hefei merged parts of chaohu, a prefecture-level city, to expand its capacity by 62%.In 2019, Jinan merged with prefecture-level Laiwu City and expanded its capacity by 28%.In 2020, Hefei and Jinan will both enter the “trillion yuan GDP club”.Shandong fully implemented the strategy of “strengthening the provincial capital” and supported Jinan to become the national central city, while Qingdao was abandoned.In addition, chengdu, Xi ‘an and other provincial capitals have expanded capacity.Fuzhou is also supported by Fujian province to build a national central city and build a “strong provincial capital”. In 2021, Fuzhou’s GDP will surpass Quanzhou and become the first in Fujian province after 22 years.Hunan and Hebei both put forward the strategy of “strengthening provincial capitals” for the first time, while Jiangxi even put forward the strategy of “thriving provincial capitals will prosper the whole province”. Nanchang ranked first with 22.45%, which was not high, and its GDP was not much different from ganzhou, which ranked second in the province.Guiyang has directly proposed raising its prima prima ratio to 27% by 2025, up from 24.05% now.From this point of view, with the promotion of the strategy of “strong provincial capital”, the primacy of provincial capital will continue to rise in the future.With limited resources and population, the provincial capital will surely continue to feed on the surrounding cities in the future to develop and grow.For more exciting content, come to the Digital Finance think Tank