How much was the official’s salary every month in ancient times

2022-05-29 0 By

As the old saying goes, “a thousand miles to become an official, in order to eat and wear”.No matter when you solve your own food and clothing problem, you can solve other problems.So, a few is not exceptional also, historically, in the idea of people did the officer is out of poverty, become people master cheng yen, with endless prosperity, many old children in order to calculate the fame, at decade cold window, they more than how to governance for emperor, but passed the imperial examinations, change your fate, become the owner of power and riches and honour.Do you know how much officials were paid a month in ancient times?Where do they get it from?As the saying goes, “learn the arts, sell with di Wang.”This vividly illustrates the relationship between officials and the emperor.I used my literary talent to serve the royal family, and the emperor gave me a certain amount of silver money every month in return, which was a salary.But it was not called salary then, but “salary”.Due to different dynasties, the “salary” of officials in different periods also varied.From the Xia and Shang dynasties to the Spring and Autumn Period, the official’s “salary” was mainly land, which was divided into different areas according to the size of the official position. The larger the official rank, the more land.What crops were grown on the land was decided by the landowner, who owned everything except a portion of the land that was given to the court as a tax.Since the official position and land could be hereditary, officials in order to maintain a rich life, thought and action with the emperor, for a long time, land allowed them to have great wealth.After the Qin Dynasty, due to the unification of money, the “salary” of officials developed from the simple distribution of land to the “gu lu system” of half grain and half money.However, due to the underdeveloped financial system at that time, some low-ranking officials in remote areas did not actually have a silver salary.But a considerable amount of grain each year is not at all small.Although the salaries of small officials in these remote areas are not much, they are well treated compared with the local consumption level. Moreover, with high mountains and distant emperors and relatively loose management, they lead a more comfortable life.After the Tang Dynasty, the food such as rice and land as “salary” was gradually replaced by gold and silver.The main reason is that it is too troublesome to distribute physical goods, especially for some remote areas, because of inconvenient transportation, it is very hard for officials to receive salary.Although it is an annual salary system, I only receive the salary once a year, but the place where I receive the salary is often hundreds of miles away from the prefectures and counties, so it takes about half a month to come and go.In the Song Dynasty, “paper money” was invented, so the payment of wages was changed from gold and silver to paper money, and it became easier to receive wages.During the Qing Dynasty, due to the rise of banks, officials’ salaries were changed to issuing bank notes.How much did an official get a month in ancient times?Before the Tang Dynasty, the official’s “salary” was an annual salary system, and was always given in the form of land and grain.In the Han Dynasty, for example, the salary of the smallest official was fifty stone corn, or about three or four thousand jin of grain.The salary of a senior official in the capital was about 2,000 stone a year.The gap is still wide.During the Tang and Song dynasties, due to the rapid economic development, the salary of officials reached the highest point in history.Taking zhengyupin Jingguan of the Tang Dynasty as an example, his salary was 700 stone grain and more than 80 taels of silver, which translated into an annual salary of about 1.7 million yuan.By the late Tang Dynasty, wages were higher.The Song Dynasty was the period when the salaries of officials were the highest. At that time, the salary was paid monthly instead of yearly.A county magistrate’s monthly salary converted into RMB reached more than 100,000 yuan, and the monthly salary of a senior official in the palace was ridiculously high, as high as millions of yuan.It is said that bao Zheng, the grand master of qingtian, who was handed down from generation to generation, had an annual income of more than 10 million RMB.In the Ming Dynasty, the salary of officials fell from the peak to the bottom. The monthly salary of a senior official in the capital was about RMB 10,000 yuan, which was not the least bit worse than that in the previous dynasties.This is probably the reason why there were so many corrupt officials in the Ming Dynasty.During the Qing dynasty, officials’ salaries increased, but not nearly as much as during the Tang and Song dynasties.The emperor may also have learned from the lessons of the previous dynasty, knowing that low wages would lead to more corrupt officials, so he added a similar welfare policy, that is, in addition to the salary, a bonus was issued, which was called “clean gold”.The benefit is ten or even a hundred times the annual salary.Thus, the emperor’s hatred of corrupt officials, as well as the desire for clean government.But people will never be satisfied, the high amount of money did not stop the manchu step by step towards destruction.